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Egypt, Sudan Urged to Sign Nile Pact

By Francis Kagolo EGYPT and Sudan should surrender their historical rights over River Nile and sign the recently-drafted Nile Cooperative Framework Agreement, legislators have advised.

The parliamentarians from east and southern Africa noted that Upper Nile countries also needed to use the river waters to adapt to the impacts of global warming.

The 1929 and 1958 agreements gave Egypt and Sudan exclusive rights over the Nile waters, with Egypt owning 85% of the waters, while the rest went to Sudan.

River Nile is believed to originate from Uganda.

The Upper Nile countries cannot touch the waters as long as the agreements are still standing.

Efforts to change the status-quo through the new Nile Cooperative Framework Agreement flopped recently after Egypt and Sudan declined to sign.

However, with the change in climate, David Ebong, the MP for Maruzi County, said many parts of the Nile Basin needed to grow food.

“Equity has to prevail; each country should be able to use the available resources of the Nile Basin to meet its needs,” he observed.

South African MP Maggie Sotyu called upon parliamentarians in Africa to spearhead the campaign against environmental degradation, especially through enacting proper legislation.

This was during a regional parliamentary symposium on strategic planning to address climate change at Serena Resort in Wakiso district on Thursday.

The three-day conference, which attracted over 100 participants, was organised by the Ugandan Parliamentary Forum on Climate Change.

The conference also called for increased funding and incorporation of climate change issues in all budget sectors across the continent, among other resolutions.


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